Multiple studies have shown how the mining and quarrying industry is one of the most dangerous – it employs 1% of the global workforce yet is responsible for about 8% of occupational fatalities.

Number of nonfatal occupational injuries involving days away from work




Fall on Same Level


Struck against Object


Struck on Object

The intrinsic nature of the mining and quarrying working environment points to why this is the case – danger of injury from fall-of-ground incidents (falling rocks, tunnel collapse, …), falls from heights, humidity, dust/fumes exposure, noise, vibration, risk of fires/explosion, crush injuries, electrocution, heat exhaustion, and overexertion.

mining danger icons

The Mining and Quarrying is characterised by the need to work:

• at risk of being struck by moving plant vehicles

• at risk of being struck by large/heavy moving objects

• in close proximity to process equipment and heavy machinery

• at height

• in high noise environments

• at risk of exposure to dust and fumes

• with vibrating tools / machinery (HAV)

• using repetitive movements or in awkward body postures


Mining work often involves using heavy equipment and strenuous body postures in a confined environment, with miners being exposed to excessive noise, dust, humidity and vibration.  The resulting long-term illnesses, injuries and disabilities associated with mining and quarrying is also significant, often involving years of pain, suffering and discomfort for those affected.

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